Micronutrient and Antinutritional Content of Weaning Food Produced from Blends of Millet, Soya Beans and Moringa Oleifera Leaf Flour

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  •   Jane Hembadoon Gwer

  •   Bibiana Dooshima Igbabul

  •   Simon Terver Ubwa

Abstract

Any Weaning food offered to infants should be rich in micronutrients and high in protein quality. The study assessed the Mineral, Vitamin A and C, Amino acids and Antinutritional profile of weaning food blends from millet flour (MLF), soya beans flour (SBF) and moringa oleifera leaf flour (MLF) in the ratio FMF:SBF:MLF- sample C (60:35:5), sample D (60:30:10), sample E (60:25:5), sample F (60:20:20) sample A (100 % FMF) was used as control, sample B (FMF(60):SBF(40). All analyses were done using standard methods. The Mineral, Vitamin A, C and Amino acid Tryptophan contents of the weaning food formulations significantly (p<0.05) increased with increased MLF Percentage. The Mineral values ranged from 57.37 to 466.87 mg/100g, 11.33 to 107.30 mg/100g, 36.27 to 62.38 mg/100g, 2.45 to 4.77 mg/100g and 76.64 to 178.09 mg/100g for calcium, iron, potassium, zinc and sodium respectively. Vitamins A (ß-Carotene) and C ranged from 0-5.25 and 0.58-3.89 mg/100g respectively. Tryptophan ranged from 1.16-2.40 g/100g protein. Manganese, Lysine, methionine was significantly (p<0.05) higher in MLF unsubstituted sample B. The anti-nutrients analyzed were significantly (p<0.05) low with values ranging from (0.09 to 0.43) mg/100 g, (0.13 to 1.49) mg/100 g, (0.33 to 0.95) mg/100 g and (0.03 to 0.07) mg/100 g for phytates, tannins, oxalates and trypsin inhibitor respectively.


Keywords: Amino acids, Antinutrients, Micronutrients, Weaning Food.

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How to Cite
Gwer, J. H., Igbabul, B. D., & Ubwa, S. T. (2020). Micronutrient and Antinutritional Content of Weaning Food Produced from Blends of Millet, Soya Beans and Moringa Oleifera Leaf Flour. European Journal of Agriculture and Food Sciences, 2(5). https://doi.org/10.24018/ejfood.2020.2.5.88