Gene Action For Yield Contributing Character In Bottle Gourd


  •   AKM Quamruzzaman

  •   M. M. R. Salim

  •   L. Akhter

  •   M. M. Rahman

  •   M. A. Z. Chowdhury


A study of the attributes for yield components of 21 F1 ’s and their seven parents in 7 x 7 diallel (excluding reciprocals) of bottle gourd [Lagenaria siceraria (Mol.) Standl.] was conducted at the Olericulture Division of Horticulture Research Centre, Bangladesh Agricultural Research Institute (BARI), Gazipur, Bangladesh during 2018-19. The graphical and the component of variance analysis revealed that non-additive gene action were dominant in all the characters studied. But the average degree of dominance was over dominance in the inheritance of maximum traits in except fruit length, fruit diameter, endocarp thickness showed the partial dominance for the genes controlling these characters. The values of the ratio of number of total dominant and recessive gene estimated were one or more than one for most of the characters except fruit length and fruits number per plant indicating the asymmetrical distribution of dominant and recessive alleles in the parents for the eight characters and an excess of dominant gene is indicated. Broad sense heritability was higher heritability for all the parameters but in narrow sense heritability were higher heritability for fruit length, fruit diameter, endocarp thickness indicating their high heritable control nature. The Wr/Vr graphs showed dominance effect of gene was observed in maximum characters. The graphical analysis indicated wide genetic diversity among the parents.

Keywords: Bottle gourd [Lagenaria siceraria (Mol.) Standl.], gene action, heterosis, combining ability, Additive and non-additive gene actions


Anonymous. 1995. Agro-climatatrological data. Agromet Division, Bangladesh Meteorological Department, Joydebpur, Gazipur. pp. 35-65.

Askel R and L.P.V. Johnson. 1963. Analysis of a diallel cross: A worked example. Advancing Frontiers Pl. Sci. 2:37-54.

Biswas, P.S. and M. Enamul Haque. 2007. Gene action of agronomic traits in rice (Oryza sativa L.). Bangladesh J. Pl. Breed. Genet. 20(2): 31-36.

Dey, S. S., T.K. Behera, A.D. Munshi, S. Rakshit and R. Bhatia. 2012. Utility of gynoecious sex form in heterosis breeding of bitter gourd and genetics of associated vegetative and flowering traits. Indian J. Hort. 69(4): 523-529.

Gardner, C.O. 1963. Estimation of genetic parameters in cross fertilizing plants and their implications. In: Plant Breeding by W.D. Hanson and F.F. Robinson (eds.), NAS-NRC Pub. Washington. pp.225-252.

Gautam D.K. and G.C Yadav. 2017. Gene action for growth, yield and quality traits in bottle gourd [Lagenaria siceraria (Mol.) Standl]. Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry. 6(4): 84-88.

Haq, M.I. 2009. Genetic analysis of grain yield and its components in maize. Sarhad J. Agric. 25(2): 187-195.

Hayman, B.I. 1954a. The analysis of variance of diallel table. Biometrics. 10: 235-244.

Hayman, B.I. 1954b. The theory and analysis of diallel crosses. Genetics. 39: 789-809.

Hayward MD. 1979. The application of the diallel cross to outbreeding crop species. Euphytica. 28:729-737.

Islam, A.K.M.A., M.M.A. Jahan and M.A. Newaz. 2006. Diallel analysis for gene action in dry bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.). Bangladesh J. Pl. Breed. Genet. 19(2): 7-14.

Jinks J.L, B.I. Hayman. 1953. The analysis of diallel crosses. Maize Genetics Newsletter. 27:48-54.

Jinks, J.L 1954. The analysis of continuous variation in a dial lei cross of Nicotiana rwtica varieties. Genetics. 39: 767-788.

Kabir, M.Y., N. Sultana, M.M. Rahman and M.A.K. Mian. 2006. Genetic analysis for agronomic characters in lablab bean (Lablab purpureus (L.) Sweet). Bangladesh J. Pl. Breed. Genet. 19(2): 31-36.

Pandey, S. K., S.B.L. Srivastava, N.P. Singh and J.P. Srivastava. 2004. Heterosis and combining ability for earliness in bottle gourd (Lagenaria siceraria (Molina) Standl.). Veg. Sci. 31: 11-16.

Quamruzzaman, A.K.M., S. Ahmad and M. Moniruzzaman. 2008. Gene action for yield components in eggplant (Solanum melongena L.). Ann Bangladesh Agric. 12(2): 93-96.

Quamruzzaman, AKM, S. Ahmad .2010. Genetic analysis of some yield components of bottle gourd [Lagenaria siceraria (Mol.) Standl.]. J Agric 8:1-9.

Quamruzzaman, AKM, M.M.R.Salim, L. Akhter, T. Hasan, Khairul Mazed, M.A.Z. Chowdhury. 2019. Genetic Architecture of Yield in Bottle Gourd (Lagenaria siceraria (Mol.) Standl.). Agricultural Sciences, 10:567-576. DOI: 10.4236/as.2019.104045.

Rana, M.S., M.G.Rasul, A.K.M.A. Islam and M.M.Hossain. 2016. Diallel Analysis of Quality and Yield Contributing Traits of Pumpkin (Cucurbita moschata Duch. ex Poir.). The Agriculturists 14(1): 15-32.

Reyes, M.E.C, E.C. Altoveros, E.T. Rasco Jr, E.B. Guevarra. 1993. Combining ability and heterosis for yield and yield components in bottle gourd (Lagenaria siceraria (Mol.) Standl.). Scientific Meeting of the Federation of Crop Science Societies of the Philippines. Aklan (Philippines).

Sharma, J.R. 1998. Statistical and biometrical techniques in plant breeding. New Age International (P) Ltd. India. p.432.

Sharma N, N.K. Sharma, Y.K. Malik. 2010. Estimation of genetic variation in bottle gourd, In: Abstract book of National Seminar on Recent Trends in Hort. Crops Issues and Strategies for Res. Development, March 22-24, CCS HAU, Hissar. 26.

Singh, S.K, R.K. Singh, S.S. Solankey, A.K. Upadhyay. 2012. Studied on genetic causes of heterosis in bottle gourd (Lagenaria siceraria (Mol.) Standl.) near hangetic region of Varanasi. Asian J Hort 7: 303-306.

Sirohi, PS, N. Sivakami, B. Choudhary. 1986. Genetic analysis in long fruited bottle gourd. Indian J. Agric. Sci. 56:623-625

Sit, A.K, P.S. Sirohi.2008. Genetic architecture of yield and yield attributing characters of bottle gourd. Ind J Hort 65: 243-244.

Sit, A.K, P.S. Sirohi. 2000. Gene action of nutritional traits in bottle gourd (Lagenaria siceraria (Mol.) Standl.). Veg. Sci. 27:25-27.


How to Cite
Quamruzzaman, A., Salim, M. M. R., Akhter, L., Rahman, M. M., & Chowdhury, M. A. Z. (2020). Gene Action For Yield Contributing Character In Bottle Gourd. European Journal of Agriculture and Food Sciences, 2(3).