Land-use changes by Old Colonies Mennonites in Mexico with Sentinel 2 and Trends Earth

##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.main##

  •   Ivan Carroll Janer

  •   Fernando Jimenez

Abstract

The purpose of this article is to demonstrate land-use changes from forest to agriculture in Ejido Salamanca in the southern state of Quintana Roo in Mexico. This transformation from forest to agriculture was caused by Mennonites -an ethnic group originally from Chortitza today southern Ukraine-, that arrived in Mexico in 1922 from Canada. This land-use demonstration is based on satellite images Sentinel 2 of the Copernicus Program and a plugin called Trends Earth.  As a result, we have shown a land-use change from forest to crops could have a stable result and organic carbon soil loss. Even though, these negative changes, have gained great productivity results (ha/ton production) in corn, soy, red bean, and sorghum and contribute to agriculture productivity in Quintana Roo and the zero-hunger goal.


Keywords: Mennonites, Old Colony Mennonites, Mexico, Sentinel 2, NDVI, NDWI, Trends Earth

References

Peters J. The Waisenamt: A History of Mennonite Inheritance Custom. Steinbach: Mennonite Village Museum, 1985.

Urry J. None But Saints: The Transformation of Mennonite Life in Russia 1789-1889. Winnipeg: Hyperion Press Limited, 1989.

Kauffman J.H. Anabaptists Four Centuries Later. Scottdale, Kitchener: Herald Press, 1975.

Plett D.F. 2001. Old Colony Mennonites in Canada 1875 to 2000. Steinbach: Crossway Publications.

Taylor Hansen L.D. Las migraciones menonitas al norte de México entre 1922 y 1940. Migraciones Internacionales, 2005;3(1):5–31.

Aguilar Rivera J.A. El fin de la raza cósmica. In: Aguilar Rivera, J. A. ed. El fin de la raza cósmica: consideraciones sobre el esplendor y la decadencia del liberalismo en México. México D.F.: Diana, 2001, pp. 869–899.

Loewen, R. Village among Nations. “Canadian” Mennonites in a Transnational World 1916-2006. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2013.

Aboites Aguilar L. Otro encuentro de dos mundos: Chihuahuenses y menonitas (1922-1927). Noroeste de México, 1992.;11: 9–24.

Schmiedehaus W. Die Altkolonier-Mennoniten in Mexiko. Winnipeg: CMBC Publications, 1982.

Stoez E. and Stakley M.T. Tierra de Refugio Patria Adquirida. Un libro sobre los menonitas en el Chaco Central Paraguayo. Asunción: Asociación Evangélica Menonita del Paraguay, 2000.

Sawatzky H.L. They Sougth a Country: Mennonite Colonization in Mexico. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1971.

Hedberg A.S. Outside the World: Cohesion and Deviation among Old Colony Mennonites in Bolivia. Acta universitatis Upsaliensis, 2007.

Unidad Investigativa de El Tiempo. La poderosa congregación que ha comprado 16,000 hectáreas en el Meta. El Tiempo 9 April, 2018. Available at: https://www.eltiempo.com/justicia/investigacion/colonia-menonita-compra-extensos-terrenos-en-meta-202530 [Accessed: 11 April 2018].

Carroll I. La gente que nos alimenta. Herencia, parentesco y sangre entre los menonitas de la Vieja Colonia en el Ejido Salamanca al sur del estado de Quintana Roo en México. Doctor en Antropología Social, Ciudad de México: Escuela Nacional de Antropología e Historia – ENAH, 2017.

International Conservation 2021. Trends.Earth Documentation. Available at: https://github.com/ConservationInternational/trends.earth/releases/tag/1.0.0.

Knowelden R. Copernicus Sentinel Data Access Annual Report. Frascati, 2018.

Duraisamy V. SEN2-AGRI – Crop type mapping pilot study using sentinel-2 satellite imagery in India. In: International Archives of the Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Sciences - ISPRS Archives. International Society for Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing, 2019, pp. 175–180. doi: 10.5194/isprs-archives-XLII-3-W6-175-2019.

Perea-Ardila M.A., Oviedo-Barrero F. and Leal-Villamil J. Mangrove forest mapping through remote sensing imagery: Study case for Buenaventura, Colombia. Revista de Teledeteccionx, 2019;53:73–86. doi: 10.4995/raet.2019.11684.

Perilla G.A. and Mas J.F. High-resolution mapping of protected agriculture in Mexico, through remote sensing data cloud geoprocessing. European Journal of Remote Sensing, 2019;52(1):532–541. doi: 10.1080/22797254.2019.1686430.

Klass D.L. Biomass for renewable energy, fuels, and chemicals. San Diego: Academic Press, 1998.

Curtis P.G., Slay C.M., Harris N.L., Tyukavina A. and Hansen M.C. Classifying drivers of global forest loss. Science, 2018;361:1108–1111. Available at: https://www.science.org.

Zimmerer K.S. et al. Climate Change and Food: Challenges and Opportunities in Tropical Mountains and Agrobiodiversity Hotspots. Cambridge, 2018;17(3):53–57.

Aide T.M. et al. Deforestation and Reforestation of Latin America and the Caribbean (2001-2010). Biotropica, 2013.;45(2):262–271. doi: 10.1111/j.1744-7429.2012.00908.x.

Aide T.M. et al. Woody vegetation dynamics in the tropical and subtropical Andes from 2001 to 2014: Satellite image interpretation and expert validation. Global Change Biology, 2019.;25(6):2112–2126. doi: 10.1111/gcb.14618.

Piedra Galindo M. El cultivo de soya transgénica en Quintana Roo. Estudio de caso Ejido Salamanca, Bacalar. Chetumal: El Colegio de la Frontera Sur, 2016.

Jiménez M., Gonzalez L., Godoy P. and López A. [no date]. Manifestación de impacto ambiental. Modalidad particular cambio de uso del suelo Comunidad Menonita Salamanca. Segunda etapa. Chetumal.

Congedo L. Semi-Automatic Classification Plugin Documentation Versión 6.4.0.2, 2016.

doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.13140/RG.2.2.29474.02242/1.

McFeeters S.K. The use of the Normalized Difference Water Index (NDWI) in the delineation of open water features. International Journal of Remote Sensing, 1996;17(7):1425–1432. doi: 10.1080/01431169608948714.

Pettorelli N. Vegetation indices. In: The Normalized Difference Vegetation Index. Oxford University Press, 2013, pp. 18–29. Available at: https://www.ebsco.com/terms-of-use.

##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.details##

How to Cite
Carroll Janer, I., & Jimenez, F. (2022). Land-use changes by Old Colonies Mennonites in Mexico with Sentinel 2 and Trends Earth. European Journal of Agriculture and Food Sciences, 4(3), 17–23. https://doi.org/10.24018/ejfood.2022.4.3.498