Effect of Soil Application of Zinc on Growth, Yield and Zinc Concentration in Rice Varieties

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  •   M. Rafiqul Islam

  •   Abida Sultana

  •   M. Jahiruddin

  •   Shofiqul Islam

Abstract

Zinc (Zn) deficiency is widespread nutrient disorder in lowland rice growing areas in Asia, especially in Bangladesh. Intensive cropping with modern varieties causes depletion of inherent nutrient reserves in soils. The application of Zn fertilizers results in higher crop productivity and increases Zn concentration in crops. A field experiment was conducted to evaluate the effect of Zn application on growth, yield, and grain-Zn concentration in eight varieties of rice. The experiment was laid out in a split plot design with a distribution of Zn rates (0 kg ha-1 and 3 kg ha-1 from ZnO) to the main plots and rice varieties (BRRI dhan49, BRRI dhan52, BRRI dhan56, BRRI dhan57, Kalizira, Biroin, Gainja and Khirshapath) to the sub-plots. Zinc application improved effective tillers hill-1, grains panicle-1 and 1000-grain weight which impacted the grain yield of rice. Among the eight rice varieties, a significant increase of grain yield was recorded in BRRI dhan49, BRRI dhan52, BRRI dhan56 and BRRI dhan57 due to application of Zn. Zinc concentration of grain significantly increased in all rice varieties except Biroin. The highest grain-Zn concentration (19.1 mg kg-1) was noted in BRRI dhan57 with 3 kg ha-1 Zn and the lowest value (11.3 mg kg-1) was observed in BRRI dhan52 without Zn application. The highest percent increase of grain Zn concentration over control was obtained in high yielding rice variety BRRI dhan49 and the lowest Zn concentration was found in local rice variety Biroin.


Keywords: Grain Yield, Rice Variety, Zinc, Zinc Concentration, Yield Component

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How to Cite
Islam, M. R., Sultana, A., Jahiruddin, M., & Islam, S. (2021). Effect of Soil Application of Zinc on Growth, Yield and Zinc Concentration in Rice Varieties. European Journal of Agriculture and Food Sciences, 3(6), 117–122. https://doi.org/10.24018/ejfood.2021.3.6.425

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