Effects of NPK, Bio-Fertilizers and Manures on Growth of Maize (Zea mays L.) and Soil Nutrients Content in Maiduguri, Nigeria


  •   Adam L. Ngala

  •   Falmata U. Digmari

  •   Joshua B. Ndirmbula

  •   Rakiya Abdullahi


A pot experiment was carried out at screen house, Faculty of Agriculture University of Maiduguri to compare the effect of NPK, bio-fertilizers and manures applications on growth and nutrient uptake by maize. The experiment consisted of 9 treatments of combined application of NPK at half and full recommended rates for maize, Azotobacter chroococcum, Bacillus megaterium and Pseudomonas fluorescence biofertilizers and cow dung and poultry manures and replicated three times in a Completely Randomized Design (CRD). Result of the treatment having half recommended dose of NPK, biofertilizers and poultry manure recorded the highest plant height at 3, 6 and 9 weeks after planting (95.19 cm, 148.63 cm, 149.63 cm, respectively) the highest total shoot and root fresh and dry weights (74.40 g, 196.93 g, 28.83 g, 46.93 g/plant, respectively). Higher nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium contents of the soil (2.76 g/kg N 0.13 mg/kg P2O5 and 1.41 Cmol/kg K2Osoil) were also recorded with the above treatments.


FAO, “Quarterly bulleting of statistics,” Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nation, Rome, Italy. pp. 8, 1996.

R. A Boxall, “Post-harvest technology of quality protein maize: storage and processing. Choosing the right technology,” final report Chatam U.K. NRI. pp. 44. 2000.

FAOSTAT, “Quarterly bulleting of statistic,” Food and Agricultural Organisation Nigeria, pp. 47, 2017.

H. A. Akintoye, and A. B. Olaniyan, “Yield of sweet corn in response to fertilizer sources”. Global Advance Research Journal of Agricultural Science, vol. 1, no. 5, pp. 110-116. 2012.

S. Agyenim-Boateng, J. Zickermann, and M. Kornahrens, “Poultry manure effect on growth and yield of maize,” West African Journal of Applied Ecology, vol. 9, pp. 1-11, 2006.

D. J. Udoh, B. A. Ndon Asuquo P. E. Ndaeyo NU (2005). Crop production techniques for the tropics. Concept Publisher, Lagos, Nigeria. pp. 223-247.

M. MarozsÆn1, S. Veres, V. Gajdos, N. BÆkonyi, B. Tth, and L. LØvai, “The possible role of biofertilizers in agriculture,” Ratarstvo, pp. 585-588, 2005.

S. Al-Khiat, H. Ali, “Effect of Cyanobacteria as a Soil Conditioner and Biofertilizer on Growth and Some Biochemical Characteristics of Tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum L.) Seedlings,” Thesis Submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements of the Degree of Master of Science (M. Sc.) Microbiology (Algae), King Saud University. Special Publication, vol. 6, pp. 1-4, 2006.

S. C. Wua, Z. H. Caob, Z. G. Lib, K. C. Cheunga and M. H. Wonga, “Effects of bio-fertilizer containing N-fixer, P and K solubilizers and AM fungi on maize growth: a greenhouse trial,” Geoderma, vol. 125, pp. 155-166, 2004.

A. J. Rayar, “Decline in fertility of a semi-arid savanna soil of northeastern Nigeria under continuous cropping,” Journal of Arid Agricuture, vol.1/2, pp. 227-241, 1988.

A. Biari, A. Gholami, and H. A. Rahmani, “Growth promotion and enhanced nutrient uptake of maize (Zea mays L.) by application of plant growth promoting rhizobacteria in arid region of Iran,” J. Biol. Sci., vol. 8, no.6, pp. 1015-1020, 2008.

S. Agyenim-Boateng, J. Zickermann and M. Kornahrens, “Poultry manure effect on growth and yield of maize,” West African Journal of Applied Ecology, vol. 9, pp. 1-11, 2006.

A. G, Akongwubel, U. B Ewa, A. Prince, O. Jude, A. Martin O. Simon, O. Nicholas, “Evaluation of Agronomic of Maize (Zea Mays L.) Under Different Rates of Poultry Manure Application in an Ultisol of Obubra, Cross River State Nigeria,” International Journal of Agriculture and Forestry, vol. 2, no. 4, pp. 138-144, 2012.

K.S. Prabhakar, “Interaction effect of phosphate solubilizing bacteria and Azospirillumbrasilense SP7 on growth and uptake of nutrients in maize in presence of rock phosphate,” M. Sc. (Agri.) Thesis, University of Agricultural Sciences, Bangalore. 1989.

B. Shaharoona, M. Arshad, Z.A. Zahir and A. Khalid, “Performance of Pseudomonas spp. containing ACC-deaminase for improving growth and yield of maize (Zea mays L.) in the presence of nitrogenous fertilizer,” Soil Biol. Biochem., vol. 38, pp. 2971-2975, 2006.

R. Singh, D. P. Singh and P. K. Tyagi, “Effect of Azotobacter, farmyard manure and nitrogen fertilization on productivity of pearl millet hybrids (Pennisetum glaucum) in semi-arid tropical environment,” Arch. of Agron. Soil Sci., vol. 49, pp. 21–24, 2006.

J. K. Balyan and B. S. Kumpawat, “Nutrient content and their Uptake influenced by integrated nutrient management in maize,” Inter. J. Agric. Sci., vol. 4, no. 2 pp. 453-456, 2008.

A. Ravikant, “Response of rainfed maize (Zea mays) to nitrogen management in mid hill acidic soils of Sikkim,” Indian J. of Agron., vol. 56, no. 3, pp. 232-236, 2011.

M. Farboodi, M. Alizadeh, A. Faramarzi, S. Shahrokhi and A. Fallah, “Azotobacter inoculation, nitrogen fertilizer and manure levels effects on morphological characteristics of corn SC-647 in a greenhouse study,” International Conference on Biology, Environment and Chemistry IPCBEE, 24. 2011.

R. Ahmad, M. Arshad, A. Khalid and A. Zahir, “Effectiveness of organic/bio-fertilizer supplemented with chemical fertilizers for improving soil water retention, aggregate stability, growth and nutrient uptake of maize (Zea mays L.),” J. of Sustainable Agriculture, vol. 3 no. 4, pp. 57-77, 2008.


How to Cite
Ngala, A. L., Digmari, F. U., Ndirmbula, J. B., & Abdullahi, R. (2021). Effects of NPK, Bio-Fertilizers and Manures on Growth of Maize (Zea mays L.) and Soil Nutrients Content in Maiduguri, Nigeria. European Journal of Agriculture and Food Sciences, 3(5), 117–122. https://doi.org/10.24018/ejfood.2021.3.5.34