Development of Greenhouse with Root Dipping Technique Hydroponics Structure to Test the Performance of Jute Mallow

##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.main##

  •   Obafemi O. Olubanjo

  •   Oluwafemi D. Adaramola

  •   Adebolu E. Alade

Abstract

An agriculture system known as hydroponic is a modern-day agricultural practice. Since it does not require soil for crops to grow, it is therefore referring to as soilless farming. It is a good alternative for producing healthy crops and vegetables, free from soil-borne pathogens as it is not growing on soil. Does every crop perform well on hydroponic systems? To know this answer, we carried out this experiment to test the performance of jute mallow in a newly developed greenhouse and root dipping hydroponic systems developed at the Department of Agricultural and Environmental Engineering experimental farm at Oba-nla, Federal University of Technology, Akure, Nigeria. To compare its growth, we planted them on raised soil beds even though plants perform better on raised soil beds above on the ground soil. To compare the growth parameter of all plants we collected data of plant height, stem girth, and leaf number. We also measured the yield for each crop at the end of the experiment. The crops performed well on root dipping hydroponic systems than conventional planting systems (soil). The results showed that the root dipping system for jute mallow gave the highest plant height (19.79 cm), the number of leaves (30.93), and stem girth (0.4450 cm) while the soil conventional farming system for this vegetable gave the lowest plant height (17.99 cm,), the number of leaves (27.96) and stem girth (0.4159 cm) respectively. Higher yields were also recorded from the root dipping system for vegetables while conventional farming had the least yield. The root dipping system for this vegetable recorded significantly higher fruit weight (133.52 kg) fresh weight of stem (195.29 kg) and fresh weight of root (79.34 kg) respectively while conventional farming had the least fruit weight (121.81 kg), fresh weight of stem (177.12 kg) and fresh weight of root (72.32 kg) respectively. The different treatment applied affects the physiological appearance and the yields of the crops significantly (p<0.05) couple with its physicochemical features. The fruits and vegetables' mineral and proximate composition were within the recommended range by World Health Organization (WHO) but were significantly (P<0.05) affected by the effects of the treatment as a result of its physicochemical features. From the result of this investigation, it, therefore, suggested that soilless agriculture should be practiced and invested in by farmers and entrepreneurs most especially in environments where there is no availability of arable land.


Keywords: greenhouse, hydroponic, jute mallow, growth, yield, quality

References

O. O. Olubanjo, and A. E. Alade, "Growth and yield response of African spinach plant grown in different substrates culture of drip hydroponic farming method". Discovery Agriculture. vol. (5), pp. 51 – 59, February 2019.

G. Radhakrishnan, T. K. Upadhyay, P. Singh and S. K. Sharma. "Impact of hydroponics: present and future perspective for farmer’s welfare" Suresh Gyan Vihar University International Journal of Environment, Science and Technology, vol. 5(2), pp. 19-26, July 2019.

O. O. Olubanjo, and A. E. Alade. "Growth and yield response of cayenne pepper plant grown in different substrates culture of drip hydroponic farming method". Applied Research Journal of Environmental Engineering. Vol. 1(1), pp. 14 – 21, December 2018.

O.O. Olubanjo, and A. E. Alade. "Growth and yield response of tomato plant grown under different substrates culture". Journal of Sustainable Technology, vol. 9 (2), pp. 110 – 123, November, 2018.

A. Sengupta, and H. Banerjee. "Soil-less culture in modern agriculture". World Journal of Science and Technology, Vol. 2(7): pp103-108, September 2012.

I. E. Akubugwo, N. A. Obasi, G. C. Chinyere, and A. E. Ugbogu,"Nutritional and chemical value of Amaranthus Hybridus L. leaves from Afikpo, Nigeria". African Journal of Biotechnology, vol. 6(24): pp. 2833-2839, December 2007.

I. K. Arah, E. K. Kumah, E. K. Anku, and H. Amaglo, "An overview of post-harvest losses in tomato production in Africa: causes and possible prevention strategies". Journal of Biology, Agriculture and Healthcare. vol. 5 (16): pp. 78-88, September 2015.

Association of Official Analytical Chemists, (AOAC), Methods of Analysis, 18th ed. Maryland, USA: AOAC International, 2005, V 1, Chapter 4: pp. 5.

E. Asibey-Berko, and F. A. K. Tayie,"Proximate analysis of some underutilized Ghanaian vegetables". Ghana J. sci. vol.39: pp.91-92, 1999.

O.R. Awofolu, Z. Mbolekwe, V. Mtshemla, and O. S. Fatoki,"Levels of trace metals in water and sediment from Tyume stream and its effect on irrigated vegetables". Water SA. vol. 31(1), pp. 87–94, 2005.

D. Kadiri, "Comparison of nutritive values of the leaves and stems of long-fruited jute (Corchorus Olitorius) and local garden egg (Solanum Macrocarpon)". Science Journal of Agricultural Research and Management. vol. 2014: pp. 1–3, 2014.

H. Karppanen, P. Karppanen and E. Mervaala,"Why and How to Implement Sodium, Potassium, Calcium and Magnesium Changes in Food Items and Diets". Journal of Human Hypertension, vol. (19): pp. S10–S19, 2005.

A. Kotsiras, A. Vlachodimitropoulou, A. Gerakaris,N. Bakasand A. I. Darras, "Innovative harvest practices of butterhead, lollorosso and batavia green lettuce (Lactuca sativa L.) types grown in floating hydroponic system to maintain the quality and improve storability". Scientia Horticulturae, vol. 201, pp. 1-9, 2016.

T. Mathowa, M. E. Madisa, C. M. Moshoeshoe, and W. Mojeremane, "Effect of different growing media on the growth and yield of jute mallow (Corchorusolitorius L.)". International Journal of Research Studies in Bioscience (IJRSB). vol. 2(11), pp. 153 – 163, 2014.

A. McCauley, C. Jone, and K. Olso- Ruts, Soil pH and organic matter. Nutrient Management. Module No. 8, Montana State University, pp. 1-16, 2017.

A. Nahapetian, and A. Bashir, "Changes in concentration and interrelationships of phytate, P, Mg, Cu, Zn in wheat during maturation". J. Agric. Food Chem., vol. 32, pp. 1179-1182, 1975.

J. O. Olaniyi, W. B. Akanbi, T. A. Adejumo, and O. G. Akande, "Growth, fruit yield and nutritional quality of tomato varieties". African Journal of Food Science. vol. 4(6), pp. 398-402, 2010.

J. O. Olaniyi, and J. A. Fagbayide, "Performance of eight F1Hybrid cabbage (Brassica oleracea L) varieties in the Southern Guinea Savanna Zone of Nigeria". Journal of Agricultural Biotechnology Environment, vol. 1, pp 4-10, 1999.

J. O. Olaniyi, and A. E.Ojetayo, The effect of organomineral and inorganic fertilizers on the growth, fruit yield and quality of pepper (Capsicum frutescene). Journal of Animal and Plant Sciences, vol. 8 (3), pp. 1070–1076, 2010.

A. Omid, and A. Shafaei, "Temperature and relative humidity changes inside greenhouse". International Agrophysics. vol. 19(2), pp. 153-158, 2005.

J. W. Pureseglove, Tropical Crops, Dicotyledons. Longman, London. 1991.

A. Radhouani, M. El-Bekkay, and A. Ferchichi,"Effects of substrate on vegetative growth, quantitative and qualitative production of Muskmelon (Cucumis melo) conducted in soilless culture". African Journal of Agricultural Research, vol. 6(3), pp. 578–585, 2011.

W. M. Rodriguez-Ortega, V. Martinez, M. Nieves, and J. M. Camara-Zapata, "Agronomic and physiological response of tomato plants grown in different soilless systems to saline conditions". Peer Journal, Preprints, 2017.

U. M. Sainju, R. Dris, and B. Singh, Mineral nutrition of tomato. ResearchGate. January 2003 Edition, 2014.

D. Savvas, G. Gianquinto, Y. Tuzel, and N. Gruda, "Soilless culture: Good Agricultural Practices for Greenhouse Vegetable Crops", FAO plant production and protection paper No. 217, 2013.

F. Shahidi, U. D. Chavan, A. K. Bal, and D. B. Mckenzie, "Chemical composition of beach Pea (LathyrusMaritimusL.) plant parts". Food Chem. vol. 64, pp. 39, 1999.

M. Silberbush, and J. Ben-Asher, "Simulation study of nutrient uptake by plants from soilless cultures as affected by salinity buildup and transpiration". Plant and Soil, vol. 233, pp. 59–69, 2001.

South Pacific Foods, "Green Leaves. In: South Pacific Foods Leaflets". South Pacific Commission, Community Health Services, 1995.

W. A. Tegegne, "Assessment of some heavy metals concentration in selected cereals collected from local markets of Ambo City, Ethiopia". Journal of Cereals and Oilseeds, vol. 6(2), pp. 8-13, 2015.

H. D. Tindal, "Vegetables Crops of the Lowland Tropics". Oxford University Press, Oxford, 10–125, 1983.

A. N. Ukom, and J. A.Obi, "Comparative evaluation of the nutrient composition and phytochemical content of selected vegetables consumed in Nigeria". International Letters of Natural Sciences. vol. 71, pp. 43 – 50, 2018.

M. Urrestarazu, "State of the art and new trends of soilless culture in Spain and inEmerging Countries". ActaHorticulturae, vol. 1013, pp. 305-312, 2013.

R. L. Vilareal, Tomato in the Tropics. West View Press Boulder, Colorado, 17, 1980.

K. M. E. Iheanacho and A. C. Udebuani. "Nutritional Composition of Some Leafy Vegetables Consumed in Imo State, Nigeria" J. Appl. Sci. Environ. Manage. Vol. 13(3), 35 – 38, September, 2009.

N. Abbaspour, R. Hurrell and R. Kelishadi, Review on iron and its importance for human health, J Res Med Sci.Vol. 19(2): 164–174, February 2014.

##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.details##

How to Cite
Olubanjo, O. O., Adaramola, O. D., & Alade, A. E. (2021). Development of Greenhouse with Root Dipping Technique Hydroponics Structure to Test the Performance of Jute Mallow. European Journal of Agriculture and Food Sciences, 3(4), 11-19. https://doi.org/10.24018/ejfood.2021.3.4.217